It may be surprising, but it isn't always obvious when your pet needs urgent emergency care. Today, our Little Rock vets share some of the signs that could indicate that it's time to head to the emergency animal hospital.
How do I know if my pet needs emergency care?
A situation requiring emergency veterinary care could occur at any time - day or night - and you'll need to be prepared.
But it can be challenging for even the most attentive pet parents to know when their dog, cat, or other pet needs emergency care. That's why knowing some of the signs and symptoms that indicate an emergency health issue is happening to your pet is helpful. If you still aren't sure, contact your vet or emergency vet clinic for advice.
When to Visit an Emergency Vet
Pet emergencies include things like accidents, ingestions, injuries, and the sudden onset of disease. Some of the most common signs that it's time to see an emergency veterinarian are as follows:
- Lameness or inability to walk
- Bloated, swollen or painful abdomen
- Dilated pupils
- Severe injury (car accidents, broken bones, gashes)
- Uncontrolled bleeding
- Vomiting or blood in diarrhea
- Difficulty breathing, extreme coughing or choking
- Inability to urinate or defecate
- Ingestion of poisonous foods, substances, plants, or bones
- Unable to deliver puppies or kittens
- Obvious pain
- Loss of balance
- Sudden blindness, staggering or stumbling
- Inflammation or injury to the eye
Basic First Aid for Animals
Please note that performing basic first aid on your pet is not intended to replace veterinary care, it is solely to stabilize your animal for a trip to your emergency vet.
Muzzle your pet before you begin. Apply pressure to the injury with a clean gauze pad for several minutes until blood clotting begins. A gauze tourniquet with an elastic band will be required for severe leg bleeding. Bring your pet to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible.
Coping With Seizures
Do not attempt to restrain your pet. Try to remove objects that may hurt your pet. After the seizure is over, keep your pet warm and phone your vet.
Dealing With Fractures
You should muzzle your pet. Place your pet on a flat surface that can serve as a stretcher to transport them to the vet. Secure your animal as much as possible to the stretcher without putting pressure on the injured area.
If Your Pet Is Choking
You must be cautious because your pet may bite out of fear. Examine your pet's mouth for foreign objects and, if possible, remove them. Take care not to push the object down your animal's throat any further. If this is too difficult, don't bother trying again. Bring your pet to the veterinarian's office or an emergency veterinary clinic as soon as possible.
Be Prepared For a Veterinary Emergency
What You Should Know in Advance
You never know when an emergency will occur, but being prepared can help you provide the best possible care to your animal as soon as possible. In case of an emergency, our Little Rock veterinarians recommend keeping the following items on hand:
- The phone number for your vet's office
- The phone number for the closest Emergency Vet Clinic
- The phone number for the Animal Poison Control Center
- How to muzzle your dog when he's in pain so he doesn't bite others
- Directions to the Emergency Vet Clinic
- Knowledge of basic pet CPR
- Knowledge of how to stop bleeding
How much does an emergency vet cost?
Emergency veterinary care can be costly due to the amount of diagnostic testing, monitoring, and treatment required. It is the responsibility of the pet owner to ensure that they can financially care for their pet in a time of crisis.
Prepare for unforeseeable events by setting aside money for emergencies or enrolling in a pet insurance plan. Putting off veterinary care to avoid emergency fees could endanger your pet's life.
Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.